The Vostok 1 mission was the first time a person went into outer space and the first time anyone had entered into orbit. It took into space Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union.The Vostok 1 mission was the first time a person went into outer space and the first time anyone had entered into orbit. The flight was simple, the cosmonaut was simply a passenger. SA stands for Spuskaemiy apparat - descent system. The first human spaceflight was accomplished with Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961, by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. The last flight—Vostok 6 carrying the first woman in space, Valentina Tereshkova—took place on June 16, 1963. Wostok 1 (russisch Восток-1 für Osten-1) war der erste bemannte Weltraumflug. There were six manned Vostok flights, the last one, Vostok 6, carried Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to go into space on June 16, 1963. A total of 8 Vostok 3KA spacecraft were flown, 6 of them with a human crew. [8] The spacecraft had a food locker, radio, an experiment cabinet, and a round window. There were several models of the Vostok leading up to the crewed version: Photo-reconnaissance and signals intelligence spacecraft. Two further human space flights were made in 1964 and 1965 by Voskhod spacecraft, which were modified Vostok spacecraft. If the retrorocket failed, the spacecraft would naturally decay from orbit within ten days, and the cosmonaut was provided with enough food and oxygen to survive until that time. The Vostok (Russian: Восток, translated as "East") was a type of spacecraft built by the Soviet Union.The first human spaceflight was accomplished with Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961, by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.. Vostok 1 (ven. It used a Vostok 3KA spacecraft, and was launched on April 12, 1961. This dual-use design was crucial in gaining Communist Party support for the program. Wostok 1 – pierwszy lot kosmiczny człowieka w kosmos w ramach programu Wostok.Pierwsza załogowa misja statku kosmicznego typu Wostok.Misja miała miejsce 12 kwietnia 1961 roku. Even then, the cosmonaut experienced 8 to 9g. This article is about the spacecraft series. Восток) bol sovietsky pilotovaný orbitálny kozmický let v rámci programu Vostok a prvý kozmický let s ľudskou posádkou vôbec. [7]:53 The Vostok 1 was launched by the Soviet space program and made by the Soviet rocket scientists Sergey Korolyov and Kerim Kerimov. O godzinie 6:07 (9:07 w Moskwie) tego dnia, Jurij Gagarin wystartował z kosmodromu Bajkonur w Kazachstanie w pierwszym locie człowieka w przestrzeni kosmicznej.Przebywał w niej 108 minut. Wostok 1 – pierwszy lot kosmiczny człowieka w kosmos w ramach programu Wostok.Pierwsza załogowa misja statku kosmicznego typu Wostok.Misja miała miejsce 12 kwietnia 1961 roku. The first human spaceflight was accomplished with Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961, by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. This page was last changed on 24 January 2020, at 16:15. The Vostok spacecraft weighed 4.73 t (10,400 lb), was 4.4 m (14 ft) long and 2.43 m (8.0 ft) in diameter. Vostok vyštartoval 12. apríla 1961 s kozmonautom Jurijom Gagarinom na palube. Vostok 1 (Russian: Восто́к, East or Orient 1) was the first flight to take a human into space. If an accident occurred in the first 40 seconds after liftoff, the cosmonaut would simply eject from the spacecraft and parachute to Earth. Vostok 1 (Russian: Восто́к, East or Orient 1) was the first flight to take a human into space. Před jejím letem bylo vypuštěno v letech 1960–1961 pět zkušebních exemplářů. Vostok 1 byla kosmická loď určená pro jednoho kosmonauta, vypuštěná stejnojmennou raketou z kosmodromu Bajkonur. It used a Vostok 3KA spacecraft, and was launched on April 12, 1961. The first flight with a crew—Vostok 1 carrying Yuri Gagarin—took place on April 12, 1961. The descent module design was reused, in heavily modified form, by the Voskhod program. Molodsov stated that Chief Designer Sergei Korolev felt "absolutely terrible" about the inadequate provisions for crew escape on the Vostok during the opening seconds of launch. It was nicknamed "Sharik" (Russian: шарик, lit. Equipment Module: Vostok PA. PA stands for Priborniy otsek - instrument section. Vostok 1 (oficiálne iba Vostok; rus. [7]:53, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "Google Maps – Vostok 1 Launch Pad – Gagarin's Start photo", "Google Maps – Vostok 1 Landing Site – Monument", "Google Maps – Vostok 1 Landing Site – Monument Photo", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vostok_1&oldid=6793326, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. When the launch vehicle fell to a low enough altitude, the cosmonaut would eject. Vostok I (russo: BOCTOK) foi a primeira missão do programa espacial soviético Vostok e a primeira missão espacial tripulada da História.A espaçonave foi lançada em 12 de abril de 1961, levando Yuri Gagarin, um cosmonauta e piloto da Força Aérea Soviética, ao espaço.. O voo marcou a primeira vez que um ser humano foi ao espaço exterior e o primeiro voo orbital de uma nave tripulada. From 40 to 150 seconds into launch, ground controllers could issue a manual shutdown command to the booster. A 2001 recollection by V.V. One problem that was never adequately resolved was the event of a launch vehicle malfunction in the first 20 seconds, when the ejector seat would not have enough time to deploy its parachute. Gagarin startete an Bord eines Wostok-Raumschiffs vom Weltraumbahnhof Tjuratam (dem heutigen Kosmodrom Baikonur) aus und landete nach einer vollständigen Erdumkreisung in der Nähe der südwestrussischen Stadt Engels. Hmotnost byla 4725 kg, délka 5 a průměr 2,3 metru. Later named Zenit spy satellite. Lento oli ensimmäinen kuudesta Vostok -avaruusohjelman miehitetystä lennosta. The craft consisted of a spherical descent module (mass 2.46 tonnes, diameter 2.3 meters), which housed the cosmonaut, instruments and escape system, and a biconical instrument module (mass 2.27 tonnes, 2.25 m long, 2.43 m wide), which contained propellant and the engine system. The reason for this was that the Vostok descent module made an extremely rough landing that could have left a cosmonaut seriously injured. Vostok spacecraft on Encyclopedia Astronautica, List of Soviet human spaceflight missions, List of Russian human spaceflight missions, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vostok_(spacecraft)&oldid=976534788, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, RCS Thrusters: 16 x 5 N (8 + 8 for automatic + manual), RCS Propellants: Cold gas (nitrogen) at 2200 PSI (150 bar), RCS Propellants: 20 kg stored in 12 pressure bottles (5 + 5 + 2 for first, second and reserve), Main Engine Burn Time: 1 minute (typical retro burn = 42 seconds), Typical orbit: 177 km x 471 km, 64.9 inclination, This page was last edited on 3 September 2020, at 13:50. An accident in the initial seconds of launch also likely would have not put the cosmonaut in a position where he could make a survivable ejection and in all probability, this situation would have resulted in his death. The spacecraft was part of the Vostok programme, in which six crewed spaceflights were made, from 1961–1963. Der Flug zählt zu den grö… As such, the reentry path and orientation could not be controlled after the capsule had separated from the engine system. Označení dle katalogu COSPAR dodatečně přiděleno ve tvaru 1961-012A. The spacecraft was part of the Vostok programme, in which six crewed spaceflights were made, from 1961–1963.Two further human space flights were made in 1964 and … Vostok 1 (Восток 1) byl první vesmírný let s lidskou posádkou z planety Země se stejnojmennou kosmickou lodí. Lansată la 12 aprilie 1961, racheta Vostok 3KA a plasat pe orbită modulul spațial în care se afla cosmonautul sovietic Iuri Gagarin, prima dată când cineva a părăsit atmosfera terestră și ajuns pe orbită. The spacecraft was part of the Vostok programme, in which six crewed spaceflights were made, from 1961–1963. 'little sphere'). O godzinie 6:07 (9:07 w Moskwie) tego dnia, Jurij Gagarin wystartował z kosmodromu Bajkonur w Kazachstanie w pierwszym locie człowieka w przestrzeni kosmicznej.Przebywał w niej 108 minut. Reentry Module: Vostok SA. Odstartoval 12. dubna 1961 se sovětským kosmonautem Jurijem Gagarinem. He sat on a seat which was also an ejection seat which allowed the cosmonaut to escape from the spacecraft. [7]:52 The cosmonaut flew inside a spherical module. The flight made one orbit and lasted for 1 hour, 48 minutes. The Vostok spacecraft was originally designed for use both as a camera platform (for the Soviet Union's first spy satellite program, Zenit) and as a crewed spacecraft. On reentry, the cosmonaut would eject from the craft at about 7,000 m (23,000 ft) and descend via parachute, while the capsule would land separately. Vostok 1 (în rusă Восток 1, „Răsăritul” 1) a fost numele misiunii care a realizat primul zbor spațial cu echipaj uman din istoria omenirii. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Vostok 1 (Russian: Восто́к, East or Orient 1) was the first flight to take a human into space. Avaruuslennon suoritti neuvostoliittolainen kosmonautti Juri Gagarin. The ejector seat also served as an escape mechanism in the event of a launch vehicle failure, which at this early phase of the space program was a common occurrence. LC-1 at the Baikonour Cosmodrome had netting placed around it to catch the descent module should the cosmonaut eject while still on the pad, but it was of doubtful value since he would likely end up landing too close to the exploding booster. The first flight of a Vostok 3KA occurred on March 9, 1961. April 1961 erstmals ein Mensch über die international anerkannte Grenzhöhe von 100 Kilometern. It used a Vostok 3KA spacecraft, and was launched on April 12, 1961. Model of Vostok 3KA spacecraft with third stage of launcher. This meant that the capsule had to be protected from reentry heat on all sides, thus explaining the spherical design (as opposed to Project Mercury's conical design, which allowed for maximum volume while minimizing the heat shield diameter). Vostok 1 (ruski: Восток 1=Istok 1) bila je sovjetska svemirska misija iz Programa Vostok, koja je ponijela kozmonauta Jurija Gagarina sa kozmodroma Bajkonur u istoimenoj letjelici po prvi put u svemir i orbitu oko Zemlje.Misija Vostok 1 je bio prvi čovjekov let u svemir, injženjerski podhvat sovjetskih znanstvenika Sergeja Koroljova i Kerima Kerimova i njihova tima. The basic Vostok design has remained in use for some 40 years, gradually adapted for a range of other uncrewed satellites. By the late 1960s both were superseded by the Soyuz spacecraft, which are still used as of 2020[update]. Vostok 1 var verdens første bemannede romfartøy.Jurij Gagarin ble det første mennesket som kom i kretsløp rundt jorden, og det første mennesket utenfor Jordens atmosfære.. Oppskytningen av Vostok 1, fant sted den 12. april 1961 klokken 09.07 Moskva-tid.. Mannskap. The Vostok was a type of spacecraft built by the Soviet Union. For the associated program, see. By the late 1960s both were superseded by the Soyuz spacecraft, which are still use… Two further human space flights were made in 1964 and 1965 by Voskhod spacecraft, which were modified Vostok spacecraft. [7]:52 There were controls for use in an emergency. Vostok 1 (în rusă Восток 1, „Răsăritul” 1) a fost numele misiunii care a realizat primul zbor spațial cu echipaj uman din istoria omenirii. The Vostok 3KA was the spacecraft used for the first human spaceflights. Higher altitude failures after shroud jettison would involve detaching the entire spacecraft from the booster. Mit dem sowjetischen Kosmonauten Juri Gagarin gelangte am 12. They were launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome using Vostok 8K72K launch vehicles. [7] It took into space Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union. Obletel Zem a po 106 minútach úspešne pristál na padáku. Some control of the capsule reentry orientation was possible by way of positioning of the heavy equipment to offset the vehicle center of gravity, which also maximized the chance of the cosmonaut surviving g-forces while in a horizontal position. Gagarin ejected from the spacecraft after re-entry and landed by parachute. It took into space Yuri Gagarin, a cosmonaut from the Soviet Union. The Vostok capsule had limited thruster capability. The Vostok (Russian: Восток, translated as "East") was a type of spacecraft built by the Soviet Union. Восток, "itä" tai vanhassa merkityksessä "ylöspäin") oli ensimmäinen miehitetty avaruuslento ja tapahtui 12. huhtikuuta 1961.