The wheel rotates at 26 cm (10 in) per second (about 0.9 km/h or 0.6 mph) so that one revolution takes about 30 minutes. The lighting was re-done with LED lighting from Color Kinetics in December 2006 to allow digital control of the lights as opposed to the manual replacement of gels over fluorescent tubes. We changed the London Skyline & have won over 85 awards for tourism, architecture & more. In May 2007, the Blackstone Group purchased The Tussauds Group which was then the owner of the Eye; Tussauds was merged with Blackstone's Merlin Entertainments and disappeared as an entity. 23 May 2010. Additional information is available in this. F ew architects can claim to have brought such true pleasure to the people as David Marks and Julia Barfield. The structure is 135 metres (443 ft) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres (394 ft). The Eye attracted more than two million paying visitors … [50][51], In March 2020, lastminute.com and the London Eye announced that the wheel would turn blue every Thursday at 8pm in support of the NHS as part of the ‘Clap for our Carers’ campaign created during the COVID-19 Pandemic. [41] Tussauds bought out British Airways in 2005[41] and then Marks Barfield in 2006[42] to become sole owner. [36] It is, however, stopped to allow disabled or elderly passengers time to embark and disembark safely. For other quiescent (incomplete, delayed, stalled, cancelled, failed, or abandoned) proposals, see: Ferris wheel#Quiescent proposals, Each of the 32 ovoidal capsules weighs 10 tonnes and can carry 25 people, "London Eye begins its millennium revolution", Royal Mail Celebrates 10 Years of the London Eye, "The London Eye a complete visitor guide", "Up you come, the view's amazing... first look from the Shard's public gallery", Shard observation deck to be Europe's highest, "Shard rakes in £5million from visitors to viewing platform in first year", "London Eye transformed to celebrate 20 years", "All Eyes on Eighth Wonder: The London Eye greets 30 millionth visitor and joins Stonehenge and the Taj Mahal as a world wonder", Colorado's Leitner-Poma to build cabins for huge observation wheel in Las Vegas, "Interesting things you never knew about the London Eye", "London's Eye in the sky not just a Ferris wheel", "London Eye capsule taken away as refit starts", "Queen lookalike unveils Coronation Capsule at London Eye", "The London Eye is turning pink in 2020 (at night, anyway)", "Video: Lastminute.com paints London town pink once again with London Eye sponsorship", "London Eye will be in the pink with Lastminute.com", "Clap For Our Carers: what time is the NHS applause tonight? These agreements gave Tussauds 100% ownership and resolved the debt from the Eye's construction loan from British Airways, which stood at more than £150 million by mid-2005 and had been charging an interest rate of 25% per annum. A new logo was designed for the attraction—this time taking the form of an eye made out of London's famous landmarks. [52], On 20 May 2005, there were reports of a leaked letter showing that the South Bank Centre (SBC)—owners of part of the land on which the struts of the Eye are located—had served a notice to quit on the attraction along with a demand for an increase in rent from £64,000 per year to £2.5 million, which the operators rejected as unaffordable.[53]. The London Eye adjoins the western end of Jubilee Gardens (previously the site of the former Dome of Discovery), on the South Bank of the River Thames between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge beside County Hall, in the London Borough of Lambeth. Address: Riverside Bldg, County Hall, Westminster Bridge Rd, London SE1 7PB. [47] On 1 August 2014 the logo was reverted to the previous "The Merlin Entertainments London Eye" version, with the name becoming simply "The London Eye". [2], The London Eye was originally intended as a temporary attraction, with a five-year lease. Not just specialists or rich people, but everybody. From the time your carriage reaches the highest point your breath will have been take away. The South Bank Centre and the British Airways London Eye agreed on a 25-year lease on 8 February 2006 after a judicial review over the rent dispute. In December 2001, operators submitted an application to Lambeth Council to give the London Eye permanent status, and the application was granted in July 2002. Once the wheel was complete it was lifted into an upright position by a strand jack system made by Enerpac. Architect: Marks Barfield Architects – David Marks + Julia Barfield. [39], On 2 June 2013 a passenger capsule was named the Coronation Capsule to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.[40]. There are a few reasons why this might happen: After completing the CAPTCHA below, you will immediately regain access to the site. The London Eye has put architecture, design and engineering centre stage by catching the imagination of the British public and of visitors to London, and by becoming one of the city's most popular landmarks. The London Eye was designed by the husband-and-wife team of Julia Barfield and David Marks of Marks Barfield Architects. [citation needed], Coca-Cola began to sponsor the London Eye from January 2015. [54] The land in question is a small part of the Jubilee Gardens, which was given to the SBC for £1 when the Greater London Council was broken up. It does not usually stop to take on passengers; the rotation rate is slow enough to allow passengers to walk on and off the moving capsules at ground level. [35] Each of the 10-tonne (11-short-ton)[36] capsules represents one of the London Boroughs,[25] and holds up to 25 people,[37] who are free to walk around inside the capsule, though seating is provided. Consulting engineers Tony Gee & Partners designed the foundation works while Beckett Rankine designed the marine works. Millennium Wheel on the River Thames, South Bank, England, UK – design by Marks Barfield Architects. [16], The London Eye used to offer the highest public viewing point in London[17] until it was superseded by the 245-metre-high (804 ft)[18] observation deck on the 72nd floor of The Shard, which opened to the public on 1 February 2013.[19]. He leaves behind a … That's the beauty of it: it is public and accessible, and it is in a great position at the heart of London. Marks, who alongside wife and partner Julia Barfield was the developer and architect of the London Eye, passed away on 6 October 2017. It is Europe's tallest cantilevered observation wheel,[14] and is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom with over 3 million visitors annually,[15] and has made many appearances in popular culture. [23], Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners assisted The Tussauds Group in obtaining planning and listed building consent to alter the wall on the South Bank of the Thames. [45], On 12 August 2009, the London Eye saw another rebrand, this time being called "The Merlin Entertainments London Eye" to showcase Merlin Entertainments' ownership. [29][30][31], On 5 June 2008 it was announced that 30 million people had ridden the London Eye since it opened. When it opened to the public in 2000 it was the world's tallest Ferris wheel. When your [sic] done shooting your photos, the ride's slow speed lets you just sit back and take in the incredible views of London. He also pledged that if the dispute was not resolved he would use his powers to ask the London Development Agency to issue a compulsory purchase order. Its height was surpassed by the 160-metre (525 ft) Star of Nanchang in 2006, the 165-metre (541 ft) Singapore Flyer in 2008, and the 167-metre-tall (547.9 ft) High Roller (Las Vegas) in 2014. On 25 May 2005, London mayor Ken Livingstone vowed that the landmark would remain in London. [32], The wheel's 32 sealed and air-conditioned ovoidal passenger capsules, designed[33] and supplied[34] by Poma, are attached to the external circumference of the wheel and rotated by electric motors. The ride moves so slow which enables one to have ample opportunity to shoot photos and video from all angles. The Eye attracted more than two million paying … As you were browsing, something about your browser In March 2020 the London Eye celebrated its 20th birthday by turning its pods into experiences in partnership with its sponsor lastminute.com. This coincided with the launch of Merlin Entertainments 4D Experience preflight show underneath the ticket centre in County Hall. [27] It was first raised at 2 degrees per hour until it reached 65 degrees, then left in that position for a week while engineers prepared for the second phase of the lift. [46], In January 2011, a lighting-up ceremony marked the start of a three-year deal between EDF Energy and Merlin Entertainments. [57], If you're an amateur or professional photographer, the London Eye delivers the chance to get breathtaking photos of the city of London. That is why the London Eye is worth visiting. [29][55] Tussauds also announced the acquisition of the entire one-third interests of British Airways and Marks Barfield in the Eye as well as the outstanding debt to BA. [20], The London Eye was designed by the husband-and-wife team of Julia Barfield and David Marks of Marks Barfield Architects. The film was written and directed by 3D director Julian Napier and 3D produced by Phil Streather. [58], The nearest London Underground station is Waterloo, although Charing Cross, Embankment, and Westminster are also within easy walking distance.[59]. The capsules are numbered from 1 to 33, excluding number 13 for superstitious reasons. [28], The London Eye was formally opened by the Prime Minister Tony Blair on 31 December 1999, but did not open to the paying public until 9 March 2000 because of a capsule clutch problem. The refurbished ticket hall and 4D cinema experience were designed by architect Kay Elliott working with Merlin Studios project designer Craig Sciba. [38], In 2009 the first stage of a £12.5 million capsule upgrade began. Discover why we’re one of the best places to visit in London. London Eye Photos. [43][44] British Airways continued its brand association, but from the beginning of 2008 the name British Airways was dropped from the logo. Date: 1999. Ferris Wheel. Merlin Studios later appointed Simex-Iwerks as the 4D theatre hardware specialists. [24], The rim of the Eye is supported by tensioned steel cables[25] and resembles a huge spoked bicycle wheel. London River Services operated by Thames Clippers and City Cruises stop at the London Eye Pier. ", "BA sells stake in London Eye to Tussauds for £95m", Eye on Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur and Malacca), Great City Attractions (previously World Tourist Attractions), Great Wheel Corporation (merged with World Tourist Attractions in 2009), Ronald Bussink (Nauta Bussink / Bussink Landmarks / Bussink Design), List of London Eye appearances in popular culture, Sea Life Shanghai (Changfeng Ocean World), Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=London_Eye&oldid=982327561, Buildings and structures celebrating the third millennium, Buildings and structures in the London Borough of Lambeth, Buildings and structures on the River Thames, Tourist attractions in the London Borough of Lambeth, Short description is different from Wikidata, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz place identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Riverside Building, County Hall, Westminster Bridge Road, 31 December 1999 (ceremonial, without passengers), 1 February 2000 (first passengers carried), This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 13:35. You reached this page when attempting to access https://www.architectmagazine.com/project-gallery/london-eye-6633 from 51.254.206.188 on 2020-11-28 01:45:35 UTC. The lease agreement meant that the South Bank Centre, a publicly funded charity, would receive at least £500,000 a year from the attraction, the status of which is secured for the foreseeable future. David Marks was a forward-thinking architect who, with his wife, Julia Barfield, co-designed the London Eye and the innovative and breathtaking i360 tower on the Brighton seafront among others. Marks Barfield (the lead architects), The Tussauds Group, and British Airways were the original owners of the London Eye. On the day the sponsorship was announced the London Eye was lit in red. The special experiences included a pub in a capsule, a west end theatre pod and a garden party with flower arrangements to represent the eight London Royal parks. [56], Sir Richard Rogers, winner of the 2007 Pritzker Architecture Prize, wrote of the London Eye in a book about the project:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, The Eye has done for London what the Eiffel Tower did for Paris, which is to give it a symbol and to let people climb above the city and look back down on it. [26], The wheel was constructed in sections which were floated up the Thames on barges and assembled lying flat on piled platforms in the river. made us think you were a bot. They also examined and reported on the implications of a Section 106 agreement attached to the original contract, and also prepared planning and listed building consent applications for the permanent retention of the attraction, which involved the co-ordination of an Environmental Statement and the production of a planning supporting statement detailing the reasons for its retention. Each capsule was taken down and floated down the river to Tilbury Docks in Essex. [21][22], Mace was responsible for construction management, with Hollandia as the main steelwork contractor and Tilbury Douglas as the civil contractor. London Eye Images. The London Eye, or the Millennium Wheel, is a cantilevered observation wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London. Connection with National Rail services is made at London Waterloo station and London Waterloo East station. Celebrating 20 years of the London Eye! [49] To mark the start of the partnership, lastminute.com invited Grammy Award-winning singer Meghan Trainor to perform at a launch party on a boat on the Thames overlooking the London Eye. Phone: 0871 781 3000 [48], On 14 November 2019 it was announced that lastminute.com would be the sponsor starting in February 2020, replacing Coca-Cola and that the wheel would be lit in the lastminute.com hot pink brand corporate colours for three years. The project was European with major components coming from six countries: the steel was supplied from the UK and fabricated in The Netherlands by the Dutch company Hollandia, the cables came from Italy, the bearings came from Germany (FAG/Schaeffler Group), the spindle and hub were cast in the Czech Republic, the capsules were made by Poma in France (and the glass for these came from Italy), and the electrical components from the UK. The London Eye has put architecture, design and engineering centre stage by catching the imagination of the British public and of visitors to London, and by becoming one of the city's most popular landmarks. You're a power user moving through this website with super-human speed, You've disabled JavaScript in your web browser, A third-party browser plugin, such as Ghostery or NoScript, is preventing JavaScript from running. Supported by an A-frame on one side only, unlike the taller Nanchang and Singapore wheels, the Eye is described by its operators as "the world's tallest cantilevered observation wheel".