Along with this, Göth recalls another mention of Freyja in the countryside: In Värend, Sweden, Freyja could also arrive at Christmas night and she used to shake the apple trees for the sake of a good harvest and consequently people left some apples in the trees for her sake. [72], The 19th century German composer Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen opera cycle features Freia, the goddess Freyja combined with the apple-bearing goddess Iðunn. Freya is also referenced in God of War as a Vanir Goddess, the mother of the antagonist Norse god, Baldur. [32] In chapter 49, High recalls the funeral of Baldr and says that Freyja attended the funeral and there drove her cat-chariot, the final reference to the goddess in Gylfaginning. These examples indicate that Freyja was a war-goddess, and she even appears as a valkyrie, literally 'the one who chooses the slain'. In exchange, the builder wants Freyja for his bride, and the sun and the moon. [41], Chapter 36 explains again that gold can be referring to as Freyja's weeping due to her red gold tears. [58], The Freyja name Hörn appears in the Swedish place names Härnevi and Järnevi, stemming from the reconstructed Old Norse place name *Hörnar-vé (meaning "Hörn's vé"). It might possibly be a consequence of different forms of initiation of warriors, where one part seemed to have belonged to Óðinn and the other to Freyja. Sehr stolz so heißen zu dürfen! These names include Gefn, Hörn, Mardöll, Sýr, and Vanadís. Näsström notes that, just like Odin, Freyja receives slain heroes who have died on the battlefield, and that her house is Sessrumnir (which she translates as "filled with many seats"), a dwelling that Näsström posits likely fills the same function as Valhalla. Loki tells Thor of Þrymr's conditions.[22]. andere Anmerkungen?Wir freuen uns auf Deine Nachricht! [57], Place names containing Freyja are yet more numerous and varied in Sweden, where they are widely distributed. In Scandinavia, Freyja's name frequently appears in the names of plants, especially in southern Sweden. [75], Starting in the early 1990s, derivatives of Freyja began to appear as a given name for girls. Freya — Freia, Freja, Freya zeitloser nordischer Name, Bedeutung: Herrin; angelehnt an Freyja, die nordische Göttin der Fruchtbarkeit und der Liebe … Deutsch namen 16+ Rural Scandinavians continued to acknowledge Freyja as a supernatural figure into the 19th century, and Freyja has inspired various works of art. [65], Outside of theories connecting Freyja with the goddess Frigg, some scholars, such as Hilda Ellis Davidson and Britt-Mari Näsström [sv], have theorized that other goddesses in Norse mythology, such as Gefjon, Gerðr, and Skaði, may be forms of Freyja in different roles or ages. Namensbedeutung Der weibliche Vorname Freya oder auch Freyja (dies ist die ursprüngliche isländische Schreibeweise) geht auf die gleichnamige altnordische Wanengöttin der Liebe und der Ehe zurück, deren Name „Herrin“, „Herrscherin“ oder „die Edelfrau“ bedeutet. Regarding Freyja, High says that, next to Frigg, Freyja is highest in rank among them and that she owns the necklace Brísingamen. Freija bedeutet “die Herrin”, “die Herrscherin”. [55], Place names in Norway and Sweden reflect devotion to the goddess, including the Norwegian place name Frøihov (originally *Freyjuhof, literally "Freyja's hof") and Swedish place names such as Frövi (from *Freyjuvé, literally "Freyja's vé"). In support, High quotes the Grímnismál stanza mentioned in the Poetic Edda section above. [51], Odin said that, given how she obtained it, she would never get it back. In addition to being buried with her wand, she had received great riches which included horses, a wagon and an Arabian bronze pitcher. [63], In the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá, a figure by the name of Gullveig is burnt three times yet is three times reborn. That is, with one exception: she could have it back if she could make two kings, themselves ruling twenty kings each, battle one another, and cast a spell so that each time one of their numbers falls in battle, they will again spring up and fight again. Thor and Loki go to Jötunheimr. Freya, auch Freia oder Freyja (altnordisch „Herrin“), ist der Name der nordischen Wanengöttin der Liebe und der Ehe. Freyja offered to buy the collar from them with silver and gold and other items of value. Näsström comments that "still, we must ask why there are two heroic paradises in the Old Norse view of afterlife. This figure has been interpreted as Freyja. [63] Regarding a Freyja-Frigg common origin hypothesis, scholar Stephan Grundy comments, "the problem of whether Frigg or Freyja may have been a single goddess originally is a difficult one, made more so by the scantiness of pre-Viking Age references to Germanic goddesses, and the diverse quality of the sources. [30], In chapter 29, High recounts the names and features of various goddesses, including Freyja. Looking at the necklace, the dwarfs thought Freyja to be most fair, and she the necklace. [49], As related in chapter 2, Loki, under the service of Odin, found out about Freyja's actions and told Odin. * [66], Freyja and her afterlife field Fólkvangr, where she receives half of the slain, have been theorized as connected to the valkyries. He spies Þrymr sitting on top of a mound. Die beliebtesten Mädchennamen in Österreich … Hrungnir boasts that he will move Valhalla to Jötunheimr, bury Asgard, and kill all of the gods—with the exception of the goddesses Freyja and Sif, who he says he will take home with him. Freyja is also etymologically close the name of the god Freyr, meaning 'lord' in Old Norse. [35], In chapter 6, a means of referring to Njörðr is provided that refers to Frejya ("father of Freyr and Freyja"). Der Name Freya wurde in Deutschland von 2006 bis 2018 ungefähr 3.200 Mal als erster Vorname vergeben. Freyja speaks throughout the poem, and at one point praises Óttar for constructing a hörgr (an altar of stones) and frequently making blót (sacrifices) to her: Freyja appears in the Prose Edda books Gylfaginning and Skáldskaparmál. In doing so, Freyja turns Óttar into her boar, Hildisvíni, and, by means of flattery and threats of death by fire, Freyja successfully pries the information that Óttar needs from the jötunn Hyndla. © 2020 Eltern - Eltern haftet nicht für die Inhalte externer Websites, Eltern - Deutschlands grösstes Familien-Netzwerk. Fjara - ein ausgesprochen seltener Name! & freyja = die Frau, die Edelfrau (Altnordisch), Göttin der Liebe, Schönheit und Fruchtbarkeit. [54], Several plants were named after Freyja, such as Freyja's tears and Freyja's hair (Polygala vulgaris), but during the process of Christianization, the name of the goddess was replaced with that of the Virgin Mary. Namensbedeutung. Although the Christianization of Scandinavia sought to demonize the native gods, belief and reverence in the gods, including Freyja, remained into the modern period and melded into Scandinavian folklore. The chapter features additional quotes from poetry by Einarr Skúlason that references the goddess and her child Hnoss. The two compete and during the brewing process Signy prays to Freyja and Geirhild to Hött ("hood"), a man she had met earlier (earlier in the saga revealed to be Odin in disguise). Post-Christianization and Scandinavian folklore, Archaeological record and historic depictions, Relation to Frigg and other goddesses and figures, List of people, items and places in Norse mythology, Sacred trees and groves in Germanic paganism and mythology, Mythological Norse people, items and places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Freyja&oldid=990689342, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Also the name of the daughter of a Finnish king in, 'Lady of the Slain' or 'Freyja of the Slain'. Freyja ist in Island ein sehr beliebter und auch bekannter Name. Thor immediately enters the hall, hammer raised. Indignant, Freyja responds: The gods and goddesses assemble at a thing and debate how to solve the problem. [40], Chapter 33 tells that once the gods journeyed to visit Ægir, one of whom was Freyja. Herkunft von Freija. Scholar Britt-Mari Näsström points out the description in Gylfaginning where it is said of Freyja that "whenever she rides into battle she takes half of the slain", and interprets Fólkvangr as "the field of the Warriors". Grüße an alle meine Namensschwestern mit dieser ungewöhnlichen Schreibweise ich heiße nämlich auch Freyja! This event is generally accepted as precipitating the Æsir–Vanir War. High notes that Freyja has many names, and explains that this is because Freyja adopted them when looking for Óðr and traveling "among strange peoples". In Egils saga, when Egill Skallagrímsson refuses to eat, his daughter Þorgerðr (here anglicized as "Thorgerd") says she will go without food and thus starve to death, and in doing so will meet the goddess Freyja: In the first chapter of the 14th century legendary saga Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka, King Alrek has two wives, Geirhild and Signy, and cannot keep them both. A kenning used in the poem refers to Freyja. Freya (also spelled, Freyja, the name meaning “The Lady”) was one of the most revered, widely venerated, and most fascinating of all the Norse gods or goddesses. Loki turned into a flea and jumped onto Freyja's cheek and there bit her. [30], High adds that Freyja has a large, beautiful hall called Sessrúmnir, and that when Freyja travels she sits in a chariot and drives two cats, and that Freyja is "the most approachable one for people to pray to, and from her name is derived the honorific title whereby noble ladies are called fruvor [noble ladies]". Loki tells Freyja to be silent, calls her a malicious witch, and conjures a scenario where Freyja was once astride her brother when all of the gods, laughing, surprised the two. In chapter 8, ways of referring to the god Heimdallr are provided, including "Loki's enemy, recoverer of Freyja's necklace", inferring a myth involving Heimdallr recovering Freyja's necklace from Loki. Damit steht Freya auf Platz 479 der Vornamenhitliste für diesen Zeitraum. In the poem, Thor wakes up to find that his powerful hammer, Mjöllnir, is missing. Hast Du Verbesserungsvorschläge, Kritik oder At that, Freyja is furious—the halls of the gods shake, she snorts in anger, and from the goddess the necklace Brísingamen falls. The best that can be done is to survey the arguments for and against their identity, and to see how well each can be supported. Vornamen. Völuspá contains a stanza that mentions Freyja, referring to her as "Óð's girl"; Freyja being the wife of her husband, Óðr. In den letzten 30 Jahren (genau genommen seit 1984) wurde der Name Freyja in Österreich genau 24-mal vergeben, es handelt sich hier also um einen sehr seltenen Namen. The first thing that Thor says to Freyja is that she should dress herself and put on a bride's head-dress, for they shall drive to Jötunheimr. in der germanischen/nordischen Mythologie ist Freyja die Göttin der Liebe und der Schönheit der Name des Tages 'Freitag' ist von ihrem Namen abgeleitet, Frey / Fey / Fre / Fee / Rey / Frefre / Jaja / Yaya. The introduction to the poem notes that among other gods and goddesses, Freyja attends a celebration held by Ægir. Mehr zur Namensbedeutung Jetzt einen Eintrag hinzufügen. [60], A 7th-century phalara found in a "warrior grave" in what is now Eschwege in northwestern Germany features a female figure with two large braids flanked by two "cat-like" beings and holding a staff-like object. Hier kannst du den Vornamen oder In chapter 4, Freyja is introduced as a member of the Vanir, the sister of Freyr, and the daughter of Njörðr and his sister (whose name is not provided). Freyja's husband, the god Óðr, is frequently absent. Alle anderen sind wirklich teilweise nur Abwandlungen oder falsch geschrieben! [70] In the 18th century, Swedish poet Carl Michael Bellman referred to Stockholm prostitutes in his Fredman's Epistles as "the children of Fröja". There was also a silver pendant, which represents a woman with a broad necklace around her neck. The saga explains that, due to Freyja's fame, all women of rank become known by her name—frúvor ("ladies"), a woman who is the mistress of her property is referred to as freyja, and húsfreyja ("lady of the house") for a woman who owns an estate. The stanza recounts that Freyja was once promised to an unnamed builder, later revealed to be a jötunn and subsequently killed by Thor (recounted in detail in Gylfaginning chapter 42; see Prose Edda section below). Loki removed his flea's shape and undid her collar, opened the bower, and returned to Odin. So Loki transformed himself into a fly, and after having trouble finding even the tiniest of entrances, he managed to find a tiny hole at the gable-top, yet even here he had to squeeze through to enter. In support, works by the skalds Skúli Þórsteinsson and Einarr Skúlason are cited that use "Freyja's tears" or "Freyja's weepings" to represent "gold". There are also several similar names, such as the first element of the dithematic personal name Frøydis.[76]. Howling, Loki turned away and went to Freyja's bower but found it locked, and that he couldn't enter. In chapter 42, High recounts that, soon after the gods built the hall Valhalla, a builder (unnamed) came to them and offered to build for them in three seasons a fortification so solid that no jötunn would be able to come in over from Midgard. Þrymr reveals that he has hidden Thor's hammer deep within the earth and that no one will ever know where the hammer is unless Freyja is brought to him as his wife. Loki tells her to be silent, and says that he knows all about her—that Freyja is not lacking in blame, for each of the gods and elves in the hall have been her lover. [71] In addition, Oehlenschläger wrote a comedy entitled Freyjas alter (1818) and a poem Freais sal featuring the goddess. Thor asks Freyja if she will lend him her cloak of feathers, so that he may try to find his hammer. [52], Freyja is mentioned in the first stanza ("it is called old Denmark and it is Freja's hall") of the civil national anthem of Denmark, Der er et yndigt land, written by 19th century Danish poet Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger in 1819. Freyja agrees: Loki flies away in the whirring feather cloak, arriving in the land of Jötunheimr. Etymology. Freya was the goddess of love, sex, and romantic desire – but she was not just some northern version of Venus. She says that Loki is lying, that he is just looking to blather about misdeeds, and since the gods and goddesses are furious at him, he can expect to go home defeated. After the Æsir–Vanir War ends in a stalemate, Odin appoints Freyr and Njörðr as priests over sacrifices. Icelandic magical staves, or 'Galdrastafir' are runic symbols shamanically designed to control the elements, increase energy, or influence developments. Freyja stirred, turning about, and then fell asleep again. Nicht einmal eines von 100.000 Mädchen wird Fjara genannt. Freyja (27.10.2017 um 14:18 Uhr): Mein Name ist Freyja. In her book-length study of scholarship on the topic of Freyja, Britt-Mari Näsström (1995) is highly critical of this deduction; Näsström says that "these 'parallels' are due to sheer ignorance about the characteristics of Cybele; scholars have not troubled to look into the resemblances and differences between the two goddesses, if any, in support for their arguments for a common origin. Freyja assists other deities by allowing them to use her feathered cloak, is invoked in matters of fertility and love, and is frequently sought after by powerful jötnar who wish to make her their wife. In thanks, Borgny invokes vættir, Frigg, Freyja, and other unspecified deities.[27]. Freyja agreed.[51]. In the meantime, Loki, in the form of a mare, has been impregnated by the jötunn's horse, Svaðilfari, and so gives birth to Sleipnir. Various plants in Scandinavia once bore her name, but it was replaced with the name of the Virgin Mary during the process of Christianization. These toponyms are attested most commonly on the west coast though a high frequency is found in the southeast. The connection with Frigg and question of possible earlier identification of Freyja with Frigg in the Proto-Germanic period (Frigg and Freyja origin hypothesis) remains a matter of scholarly discourse. "[64], Like the name of the group of gods to which Freyja belongs, the Vanir, the name Freyja is not attested outside of Scandinavia, as opposed to the name of the goddess Frigg, who is attested as a goddess common among the Germanic peoples, and whose name is reconstructed as Proto-Germanic *Frijjō. In chapter 7, a means of referring to Freyr is provided that refers to the goddess ("brother of Freyja"). In den letzten 30 Jahren (genau genommen seit 1984) wurde der Name Freyja in Österreich genau 24-mal vergeben, es handelt sich hier also um einen sehr seltenen Namen. Gibt es typische Vornamen der Oberschicht? While Óðr is absent, Freyja stays behind and in her sorrow she weeps tears of red gold. [50], The next morning Freyja woke and saw that the doors to her bower were open, yet unbroken, and that her precious necklace was gone. Thor objects but is hushed by Loki, reminding him that the new owners of the hammer will soon be settling in the land of the gods if the hammer isn't returned. The name Freyja transparently means 'lady, mistress' in Old Norse. In support, High quotes the Völuspá stanza that mentions Freyja. "[67], Siegfried Andres Dobat comments that "in her mythological role as the chooser of half the fallen warriors for her death realm Fólkvangr, the goddess Freyja, however, emerges as the mythological role model for the Valkyrjar [sic] and the dísir. The Old Norse word galdr is derived from a word for singing incantations, gala (Old High German and Old English: galan) with an Indo-European-tro suffix. Schreibe jetzt einen Kommentar zum Vornamen Freyja! [61] This image may be connected to various B-type bracteates, referred to as the Fürstenberg-type, that may also depict the goddess; they "show a female figure, in a short skirt and double-looped hair, holding a stave or sceptre in her right hand and a double-cross feature in the left". Within Fólkvangr lies her hall, Sessrúmnir. He landed on her bed and noticed that she was wearing the necklace, the clasp turned downward. Freyja had an idea of who was responsible. The dwarfs said that they had no lack of money, and that for the necklace the only thing she could offer them would be a night with each of them. [55] In the pre-Christian period, the Orion constellation was called either Frigg's distaff or Freyja's distaff (Swedish Frejerock). In addition, Frejya appears as a compound element with a variety of words for geographic features such as fields, meadows, lakes, and natural objects such as rocks. Deine Meinung ist uns wichtig: Wie gefällt Dir unsere Webseite? Freyja is mentioned in the sagas Egils saga, Njáls saga, Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka, and in Sörla þáttr. Odin deeply loved Freyja, and she was "the fairest of woman of that day". [61], A 12th century depiction of a cloaked but otherwise nude woman riding a large cat appears on a wall in the Schleswig Cathedral in Schleswig-Holstein, Northern Germany. In Old High German the -stro suffix produced galster instead.. Writer Johan Alfred Göth recalled a Sunday in 1880 where men were walking in fields and looking at nearly ripened rye, where Måns in Karryd said: "Now Freyja is out watching if the rye is ripe". Freyja is also etymologically close the name of the god Freyr, meaning 'lord' in Old Norse. [36], In chapter 17, the jötunn Hrungnir finds himself in Asgard, the realm of the gods, and becomes very drunk. [1] Stemming from a feminine form of Proto-Germanic *frawjōn ('lord'), it is cognate with Old Saxon frūa ('lady, mistress') or Old High German frouwa ('lady'; compare with modern German Frau). Along with her brother Freyr, her father Njörðr, and her mother (Njörðr's sister, unnamed in sources), she is a member of the Vanir. Freyr is "the most glorious" of the gods, and Freyja "the most glorious" of the goddesses. [43], The Heimskringla book Ynglinga saga provides a euhemerized account of the origin of the gods, including Freyja. [39] In chapter 32, poetic ways to refer to gold are provided, including "Freyja's weeping" and "rain or shower [...] from Freyja's eyes". Linden (Tilia) was a sacred tree to the ancient Norse and Germanic people, who associated it with Freyja, goddess of love and beauty. [2][3], The theonym Freyja is thus considered to have been an epithet in origin, replacing a personal name that is now unattested. Similar proof for the existence of a common Germanic goddess from which Freyja descends does not exist, but scholars have commented that this may simply be due to lack of evidence. Meine Eltern fanden beide, dass diese Schreibweise am besten ist. Freyja is the only one of them that dares to bring him more to drink. According to Neckel, both goddesses can be interpreted as "fertility goddesses" and other potential resemblances have been noted. Freyja is the owner of the necklace Brísingamen, rides a chariot pulled by two cats, is accompanied by the boar Hildisvíni, and possesses a cloak of falcon feathers. Und wenn man sich auch mal genau informiert weiß man auch dass das die richtigste und originale Schreibweise ist. In the Poetic Edda, Freyja is mentioned or appears in the poems Völuspá, Grímnismál, Lokasenna, Þrymskviða, Oddrúnargrátr, and Hyndluljóð. Stemming from a feminine form of Proto-Germanic *frawjōn ('lord'), it is cognate with Old Saxon frūa ('lady, mistress') or Old High German frouwa ('lady'; compare with modern German Frau). In chapter 24 of Gylfaginning, the enthroned figure of High says that after the god Njörðr split with the goddess Skaði, he had two beautiful and mighty children (no partner is mentioned); a son, Freyr, and a daughter, Freyja. [47], In Sörla þáttr, a short, late 14th century narrative from a later and extended version of the Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar found in the Flateyjarbók manuscript, a euhemerized account of the gods is provided. Odin was the king of the realm, and made Njörðr and Freyr temple priests. Beside her is similarly a cloaked yet otherwise nude woman riding a distaff. The name "van-child" ('child of the Vanir') for "boar" may be connected. After her third rebirth, she is known as Heiðr. Four dwarfs were smithying a golden necklace, and it was nearly done. [44], In chapter 10, Freyja's brother Freyr dies, and Freyja is the last survivor among the Æsir and Vanir. Freyja keeps up the sacrifices and becomes famous. These observations became an extremely common observation in works regarding Old Norse religion until at least the early 1990s. Hött answers her prayer and spits on her yeast. Du möchtest anderen deine persönliche Meinung mitteilen? And that this must go on eternally, unless a Christian man of a particular stature goes into the battle and smites them, only then will they stay dead. [4] As a result, either the original name became entirely taboo or another process occurred in which the goddess is a duplicate or hypostasis of another known goddess. [73], In late 19th century and early 20th century Northern Europe, Freyja was the subject of numerous works of art, including Freyja by H. E. Freund (statue, 1821–1822), Freja sökande sin make (painting, 1852) by Nils Blommér, Freyjas Aufnahme uner den Göttern (charcoal drawing, 1881), and Frigg; Freyja (drawing, 1883) by Carl Ehrenberg (illustrator) [de], Freyja (1901) by Carl Emil Doepler d. J., and Freyja and the Brisingamen by J. Doyle Penrose (painting, 1862–1932). Three of these place names appear to derive from *Freyjuhof ('Freyja's hof'), whereas the goddess's name is frequently otherwise compounded with words for 'meadow' (such as -þveit, -land) and similar land formations. Loki said that since no one could enter Freyja's bower against her will, this wouldn't be an easy task, yet Odin told him not to come back until he had found a way to get the necklace.